Screening & Brief Intervention (SBI)
Screenings are procedures to recognize individuals with a substance abuse
disorder or at risk for this disorder before obvious manifestations of the disorder are apparent. Not a definitive diagnostic tool, they can
signal the need for further evaluation or a brief intervention.
What are Brief Interventions?
Brief interventions are a series of up to four short counseling sessions to discuss problem drinking and its health risks. These sessions may
last from five to fifteen minutes each; the entire intervention doesn't usually take more than one hour.
Why do Screenings and/or Brief Interventions?
One in five men and one in ten women who visit their primary care providers meet the criteria for at-risk drinking, problem drinking or
alcohol dependence. When patients are found to be at-risk or problem drinkers, health care providers can significantly reduce alcohol use and
health related problems by providing Screenings and/or Brief Interventions.
Recommended screening and brief intervention procedures include four steps:
Step I. ASK about alcohol use.
Step II. ASSESS for alcohol-related problems.
Step III. ADVISE patient to decrease substance use.
Step IV. MONITOR patient progress.
The CAGE instrument has been shown to be both sensitive and specific to
identifying persons who meet criteria for alcohol abuse and dependence.
Questions asked include, In the past year:
One or more “yes” responses constitutes a positive screening test.
- Have you ever felt you should Cut down on your drinking?
- Have people Annoyed you by criticizing your drinking?
- Have you ever felt Guilty about your drinking?
- Have you ever had a drink first thing in the morning to steady your
nerves or get rid of a hangover (Eye-opener)?
For more information,
explore this publication from the current Montana SBI (RT) project or the links below.
Alcohol & Drug Services of Gallatin County |
Web-work© 2004-12. Webmaster: email@example.com|